Healthcare Solutions for Rectum Disease
Improper bowel movements or pain in the lower intestines are often indicators of an infected colon or lacerated rectum. Although the exact causes may vary, an abdomino-perineal resection of the rectum is often a wise course of action.
Abdomino-Perineal Resection of the Rectum
Preparations for an abdomino-perineal resection and colostomy include a check on smoking, excessive weight, abnormal blood pressure, varying hormone levels, impaired heart and lung functions, past illnesses, medications, and allergies. The healthcare practitioner begins the operation by administering general anesthesia. The abdomino-perineal resection surgeon will then continue with a long incision in the skin and muscle of the central lower part of the stomach wall. From here the surgeon removes the lower bowels and back passage. Once this is completed the colostomy can be performed by further opening the stomach wall and removing the remaining bowels. The operation concludes with a drainage tube fixed to the area to drain out residual blood, and the wound is stitched.
Recovery after an Abdomino-Perineal Resection of the Rectum
After abdomino-perineal resection surgery, injections and medicines are given to reduce the pain and infection. The drainage tube is removed after four days. Stitches are removed after 10 days. Complete recovery from the operation can take three months, but after four weeks, most of your daily activities can be resumed, although most doctors advise that you refrain from anything too strenuous. Complications of abdomino-perineal resection are rare, but include damage to the sex nerves, heart, lungs, chest infection, slow bowel movements, wound infection, and damage to the bladder or blood vessels. Aches and twinges may occur for up to six months.