Need for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
In cases where low sperm count or inactive sperm lead to infertility, a healthcare procedure known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is performed. The availability of this procedure means that males whose sperm were otherwise too weak or too few to fertilize in vitro, now have no difficulty in fertilizing their partner’s eggs.
Eligibility for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
There are no particular healthcare considerations involved since intracytoplasmic sperm injection is an external healthcare procedure. However, concerns have been raised that in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), the natural sperm selection process is bypassed and the sperm is selected by the embryologist without sufficient testing for birth defects.
Performing Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
ICSI is performed by a healthcare practitioner under a microscope using micromanipulation devices like micromanipulators and micropipettes. A pipette holds the oococyte, or egg, firmly in place. From the opposite side, a thin, hollow needle containing a single sperm is placed in the inner part of the oococyte and the sperm is released therein. After the procedure, the oococyte is placed in a cell culture and checked the following day for signs of fertilization. Approximately 72 hours after the injection, the resulting good quality embryos are ready for implantation in the female. The pregnancy rate per treatment cycle is over 50%, making this healthcare procedure extremely cost effective.