What Is Blepharoplasty?
Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery) is a procedure through which excess fat is removed from the lower and upper eyelids along with excess skin. This procedure helps in correcting sagging upper eyelids and puffy bags underneath the eyes. However, this procedure cannot be adopted for removing crow’s feet, wrinkles, or dark circles. When blepharoplasty is done by a qualified and experienced plastic surgeon, complications are rare and can usually be avoided by strictly following the surgeon’s instructions before and after the surgery. Anybody who is physically and psychologically fit can undergo eyelid surgery. However, patients suffering from dry eyes, hypothyroidism, Graves disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, or any other eye disorders should consult an ophthalmologist before surgery.
Information Required Before Blepharoplasty
Before beginning the blepharoplasty procedure, the patient’s complete medical history should be provided to the surgeon. The surgeon examines the patient’s vision and assesses tear production. The patient should inform the surgeon about any recent eye healthcare examinations conducted. In addition, any corrective prescriptions (eye glasses) are important to share with the healthcare provider prior to surgery.
How is Blepharoplasty Performed?
Blepharoplasty is generally performed in a hospital as an outpatient procedure. The operation involves administering local anesthesia through intravenous or oral sedatives. The time duration for the entire procedure may vary from one hour to three hours. In a typical eyelid surgery, incisions are made along the natural lines of the eyelids, just below the lashes for lower lids and along the creases for upper lids. The skin is then separated from the fatty tissues and muscles, and excess fat is removed. Incisions are then closed with fine stitches. Total recovery can take anywhere from several days to several weeks, but in most cases, patients can leave the hospital that same day.