What is Colon Polyp Removal and Who Needs It?
Colon polyp refers to extra, infected tissue growth inside the colon area. When these protrusions are small, they are generally regarded as benign, but when they become enlarged, they can prevent the colon from processing, storing, and ridding fecal matter and other waste products. Left untreated, these can lead to serious infections, cancer, pain, and additional polyps. Polyps larger than the size of a pea must be removed immediately by a healthcare provider in a procedure known as colon polyp removal. However, prior to this, most doctors prefer to conduct a biopsy of the area, meaning they remove some of the tissue and send it to a lab for further inspection. These lab tests help determine the severity of the case.
Patients over the age of 40 are more prone to polyps than other age groups, although they can happen to anyone at any time. There exists some evidence to suggest that individuals who have family histories of colon cancer are also prone to colon polyps. Symptoms usually manifest as bloody stools, incessant diarrhea, constipation, and pain the abdomen area.
Colon Polyp Removal Procedures
There are 2 healthcare methods by which colon polyps are located and removed: sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. A sigmoidoscopy is a process that involves the insertion of a tube into the rectum of the patient. The tube carries a light and a video camera to locate the polyps. Similarly a colonoscopy also locates polyps through the insertion of a flexible telescope or colonoscope. In either case, the patient is usually heavily sedated, although general anesthesia isn’t always required. Once a polyp is located, it is removed using a hot wire. A colon polyp removal procedure is relatively safe with few known risks or healthcare complications. In most cases, a patient can resume normal activities after 24 hours once the effect of the sedative wears off.