The Way to a Healthy Heart with Bypass Surgery
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a medical operation also known as bypass surgery. As the name suggests, it creates a bypass around blocked parts of the artery. It is done first through the removal of a blood vessel from either the leg or chest. This blood vessel is then used as a graft in the main bypass surgery.
Patients Who Require CABG
Coronary arteries are those small blood vessels that supply the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients. Some people in the older age group have clogged coronary arteries due to high cholesterol vulnerability and genetic disorders. Clogging of arteries occurs due to the accumulation of fats and cholesterol. This accumulation is known in medical term as atherosclerosis. The full or partial blockage of one or more arteries is ischemic heart disease or coronary artery disease (CAD). This causes the chest pain condition known as angina. The pain might be mild and prolonged or intermittent. Other symptoms are heaviness and pain in the arms, neck, or jaw. All of these complications can be cured through bypass surgery if traditional medicines fail.
Traditional Bypass Surgery and Post Surgery Health Care
The patient is connected to a heart-lung machine, and if the saphenous vein is cut open, the open end of the vein is joined to a hole made in the aorta. The other technique is called the “Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass” or OPCAB. This allows the bypass surgery to take place while the heart is still pumping. And still, another method is to make smaller incisions that do not require the splitting of the breastbone. This is called a “Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass” or MIDCAB. In post surgery health care, the patient is placed in ICU and connected to monitors. Post surgery health care requires keeping the leg of the patient elevated to reduce swelling of leg. Constipation, mood swings, and sleeplessness are some of the things the patient can experience in post surgery health care. However, these are just temporary and can be soon cured.