What Is an Epididymal Cyst?
An epididymal cyst is a fluid-filled swelling of the epididymis, which is a coiled tube over the testicles that stores sperm. Multiple cysts can occur in both testicles, but they are usually harmless and do not cause pain. Most common in men over forty, epididymal cysts can take years to grow big enough to cause discomfort.
Epididymal Cyst Removal: The Surgical Procedure
Prior to epididymal cyst removal surgery, healthcare professionals advise the patient to stop smoking. Checks are also made on the patient’s previous medical history, weight, blood pressure, heart and lung function, medication, and allergies. Epididymal cyst removal surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon removes the cyst through a small cut in the scrotum and the incision is closed using dissolving stitches. The procedure takes around 15 to 20 minutes and the cyst is sent to a laboratory for examination. The patient can return home the same day. While epididymal cyst removal surgery is effective in removing cysts, they may occasionally recur.
Epididymal Cyst Removal: Post-Surgery Healthcare
Healthcare providers may supply painkillers to manage any pain. A jock strap can be provided to support bruised and swollen testicles in the days following the operation. Bleeding may occur from the site of the wound, but it is likely that it will resolve on its own. However, excessive bleeding may require further surgery. Bruising and swelling should settle after a few weeks, and the patient is advised to inform the doctor if the testicles become red and tender to the touch due to infection. Rarely, the epididymis may be damaged during the surgery, causing low sperm count. Mild aches in the area of the wound may be present up to six months after the procedure, but all regular activities can be resumed within one week.