What Is a Femoral Embolectomy?
A femoral embolectomy is a healthcare procedure used to remove a blood clot (embolus) from an artery. For example, when the major artery that runs down the leg has a blockage in the knee area, the blood circulation in the leg decreases, which may lead to pain, infection, or even the loss of a limb. A femoral embolectomy procedure is initiated so as to restore function and reduce the onset of future complications related to insufficient oxygen circulation.
The Femoral Embolectomy Procedure
A femoral embolectomy is performed under general anesthesia in a healthcare center or hospital. A cut is made extending from the groin to the thigh. The clot is drawn out through the artery and the opening is sewn up after the healthcare provider determines that blood flow has returned back to normal. Prior to receiving a femoral embolectomy, patients should inform their physicians of any medications, diseases, or eating/smoking habits that might complicate the procedure. Because this is considered major surgery, special precautions must be taken in order to reduce the risk of infections, complications, and injuries.
After a typical femoral embolectomy, a patient must stay at the hospital few several days so that the healthcare staff can monitor the recovery progress. After being discharged from the hospital, the patient should avoid strenuous activities for several weeks. Certain dietary changes are common, especially when it comes to foods that harden arteries or thicken blood. Normal activities can usually be resumed after a few months, but it is important that all patients check in with their doctors before returning to a normal lifestyle. Premature physical activity can lead to serious complications.