What Is a Hydrocelectomy?
A hydrocele is a pocket of watery fluid built up around the testicle, sometimes due to disease, injury, improper drainage, or abnormal development. An adult hydrocelectomy is the surgical procedure used to repair a hydrocele. Healthcare professionals do not normally recommend more conservative healthcare treatments, like injection therapy, since the problem may recur.
How Is an Adult Hydrocelectomy Performed?
During a hydrocelectomy, your healthcare professional cuts the skin over the hydrocele to drain the fluid. The testicle and the fluid are tested for viruses and cancerous cells. If the tests are clear, the double covering of the testicle is stitched to stop the liquid from building up again. The procedure is relatively minor, so hospital stay is usually only a day, but patients are required to stay home for at least two days after the surgery to recuperate. If the testicle is diseased, it may be removed, thus necessitating a slightly longer hospital stay and recovery time.
General Guidelines and Risks during a Hydrocelectomy
Before an adult receives a hydrocelectomy, general tests are performed to determine the state of the patient. Patients are advised to quit smoking and control their weight if necessary. The wound takes 7 to 10 days to heal, after which the stitches are removed. It is important to pass urine within 6 to 12 hours of the surgery. The hospital might want to recheck the patient after a month, especially if a testicle was removed. The risks associated with the surgery are minimal and range from pain in the spine due to a spinal anesthetic to bruising and swelling if the hydrocele was large. A hydrocelectomy may result in infertility in rare cases, so it is important to discuss the details with your healthcare provider.