What Is Vertical Gastrectomy?
Vertical gastrectomy, also known as a vertical sleeve gastrectomy, is a type of healthcare procedure that is used to decrease morbid obesity. It is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a major part of the stomach, thereby reducing the quantity of food one can eat. The stomach is a part of the digestive system that runs from the esophagus to the small intestine. After a large part of the stomach is removed, a much smaller portion of the stomach remains.
Who Needs Vertical Gastrectomy?
Obese people who have tried and exhausted all other non-surgical healthcare methods of weight loss (like diet, exercise, and medication) can opt for a vertical sleeve gastrectomy. A vertical gastrectomy is suggested to people with a body mass index higher than 50. This particular healthcare procedure is often recommended over more conventional treatments like a gastric bypass or duodenal switch, since it doesn’t usually lead to mal-absorption, infection, and disease. However, vertical sleeve gastrectomy surgery does involve certain risks and any patient considering this operation should first consult his or her healthcare provider before undergoing this particular procedure.
The Vertical Gastrectomy Procedure
The stomach is reduced in size by removing part of it vertically. The remaining stomach is reshaped into a banana-like organ that can hold anywhere from 2-6 ounces. All of the normal functions of the stomach remain the same, although grehlin production (the hormone responsible for hunger) is usually reduced.